The next time someone at your office lets out a "silent but deadly" emission, maybe you should thank them. A new study at the University of Exeter in England suggests that exposure to hydrogen sulfide — a.k.a. what your body produces as bacteria breaks down food, causing gas — could prevent mitochondria damage. Yep, the implication is what you're thinking: People are taking the research to mean that smelling farts could prevent disease and even cancer.
The study, published in the Medicinal Chemistry Communications journal, found that hydrogen sulfide gas in rotten eggs and flatulence could be a key factor in treating diseases.
"Although hydrogen sulfide gas is well known as a pungent, foul-smelling gas in rotten eggs and flatulence, it is naturally produced in the body and could in fact be a healthcare hero with significant implications for future therapies for a variety of diseases," Dr. Mark Wood, a professor at the University of Exeter, said in a statement.
While hydrogen sulfide gas is harmful in large doses, the study suggests that "a whiff here and there has the power to reduce risks of cancer, strokes, heart attacks, arthritis, and dementia by preserving mitochondria," Time reports.
Dr. Matt Whiteman, a University of Exeter professor who worked on the study, said in a statement that researchers are even replicating the natural gas in a new compound, AP39, to reap its health benefits. The scientists are delivering "very small amounts" of AP39 directly into mitochondrial cells to repair damage, which "could hold the key to future therapies," the university's statement reveals.
You'll have to decide for yourself, though, whether exposure to hydrogen sulfide in flatulence is worth the potential health benefits.
Opposition candidate Muhammadu Buhari on Tuesday defeated President Goodluck Jonathan in Nigeria's general election, marking the first democratic transfer of power since the end of military rule 16 years ago.
With most of the vote counted, Buhari had 15.4 million votes to 13.3 million for Jonathan, according to Reuters. Jonathan's Peoples Democratic Party has ruled Nigeria since 1999, but the rise of Boko Haram and surging inequality helped the 72-year-old Buhari, a former military leader, rise to victory in Africa's largest country.
"The people of Nigeria have taken over," Lai Mohammed, a spokesperson for Buhari's All Progressives Congress, said.
Konstantin Sivkov, president of the Moscow-based Academy of Geopolitical Problems, wrote an article for Russia's VPK News on Wednesday, suggesting that Russia detonate nuclear weapons near Yellowstone National Park or the San Andreas fault line. Sivkov believes the nuclear weapons could trigger a super volcano.
Sivkov explained that he wants Russia to attack the U.S. because he believes NATO is gaining strength against Russia. Last year, Sivkov also told Russia's Pravda that "American politicians have committed a variety of crimes" for which they have yet to be punished. He also said that American politicians were responsible for 1,200,000 deaths in Iraq.
"Geologists believe that the Yellowstone super volcano could explode at any moment. There are signs of growing activity there. Therefore it suffices to push the relatively small, for example, the impact of the munition megaton class to initiate an eruption," Sivkov wrote, according to a translation from The Sydney Morning Herald. "The consequences will be catastrophic for the United States — a country just disappears."
Sivkov added that Russia's geographic features would protect the country from any volcanic activity or tsunamis. But if a nuclear weapon were detonated near the San Andreas fault, Sivkov wrote, it could cause a tsunami powerful enough to "completely destroy the infrastructure of the United States."
Negotiations aimed at curbing Iran's nuclear program could extend beyond Tuesday's end-of-month deadline to secure a framework deal, according to the White House. "We will of course keep working if we are continuing to make progress,” a senior State Department official said in an email to The New York Times, "including into tomorrow, if it's useful to do so." The U.S. and five global powers set March 31 as the deadline for a preliminary deal, with June 30 the deadline to sign off on a comprehensive agreement.
Meet the pangolin, a small, scaly Asian creature that wears the unfortunate crown of being the world's most trafficked mammal.
While being covered in scales has the distinct advantage of qualifying the odd creature as the most steampunk animal in existence, the pangolin's prickly exterior tends to do it more harm than good. Its keratin scales are used in traditional medicine to treat skin diseases, and pangolin meat can fetch up to $150 dollars per pound at restaurants in parts of China where it's considered a delicacy. What's worse is that because the animals are less magnificent (and less cuddly) than the poster children of endangered species' movements, like elephants and tigers, they receive less attention.
"The pangolin runs the risk of becoming extinct before most people have even heard of them," said Britain's Prince William. If an endorsement from the prince doesn't help animals' cause, Pokemon lovers of the world should rise to the occasion, as the popular character Sandslash was loosely based on the pangolin.
Bowing to pressure over his state's controversial new religious freedom law, Indiana Gov. Mike Pence (R) on Tuesday said he would call for legislation this week to ensure the law cannot be used to discriminate against gays.
"We will fix this and we will move forward," he said in a press conference.
Saying Indiana had a "perception problem" based on "sloppy reporting," Pence insisted the law's intent was never to allow discrimination based on sexual orientation. Rather, he framed it as establishing a "balancing test" for the courts to weigh alleged encroachments on religious freedom. Still, Pence said he felt a tweak was necessary to clarify the law's intent going forward.
"It's been a tough week in the Hoosier state, but we're going to move forward," he said.
Iraqi forces on Tuesday recaptured the city of Tikrit from the Islamic State, Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi said in a speech on state television. "The successful experience of Tikrit will be repeated in other areas," he said. ISIS seized control of the city last summer, so its recapture by the state represents one of the most significant gains in Iraq's campaign to push back against the militant group.
Why plan a Shawshank-inspired prison escape when modern technology will do the trick?
Perhaps that's what British inmate Neil Moore was thinking when he hatched an ingenious plan to get himself freed from Wandsworth Prison. Moore, who was awaiting trial on fraud charges, used a smuggled cell phone to create a fake government email account, which he used to pose as a court clerk. He then used the fake clerk email to tell prison officials that his bail had been granted. The prison then released him on March 10.
Even though he got away with the scheme, Moore "had a change of heart" and turned himself in a few days later, NBC News reports. He pleaded guilty to eight counts of fraud, as well as one count of escape from lawful custody, and he will be sentenced on April 20.